The condition we commonly refer to as gum disease is actually series of related diseases, all of which involve the gum tissue surrounding the teeth. Gum disease can be hard to detect, because its symptoms — bad breath, soreness, or bleeding of the gums — may be masked by other conditions.
But don’t ignore these symptoms! If not treated by the Novato Family Dentist, periodontal disease can have serious health consequences. Here are five things you should know about this disease.
1. Gum Disease is a Chronic Inflammatory Disease
That means it’s a disease related to a natural response of the body’s immune system (inflammation), and it develops over time (chronic). Gingivitis, an inflammation of the gums, may be the first step in the disease’s progression. Left untreated, it can be followed by destruction of the periodontal ligament (which helps hold the tooth in place), loss of the supporting bone, and ultimately tooth loss. But it doesn’t stop there.
2. Gum Disease Effects aren’t Confined to the Mouth
Recent research has suggested a connection between the presence of periodontal disease and chronic diseases in the whole body. There is evidence that severe periodontal disease is linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (like heart attack and stroke), pregnancy complications, and other conditions. It is also believed to have an adverse effect on blood-sugar control in diabetics.
3. Gum Disease is Caused by Bacteria in Dental Plaque
Oral bacteria tend to build up in a colony of living organisms called a biofilm. Of the many types of bacteria that live in the mouth, only a relatively few are harmful. When oral biofilms are not regularly disturbed by brushing and flossing, the disease-causing types tend to dominate. Once it gains a foothold, treating gum disease can become more difficult.
4. Prevention is the Best Defense
Good personal oral hygiene, carried out on a daily basis, is probably the best defense against many forms of periodontal disease. Proper brushing and flossing is effective in disrupting the growth of dental plaques. Lifestyle changes — like quitting smoking and reducing stress — are also associated with lessening your chance of developing the disease. Genetics also seems to play a part, so those with a family history of periodontitis should pay special attention to preventive measures.
5. Prompt, Effective Treatment is Critical
Bleeding of the gums is never a normal occurrence. But sometimes this (and other symptoms of gum disease) may be overlooked. During routine dental checkups, we can detect the early signs of periodontal disease. We can then recommend an appropriate treatment, from routine scaling and root planing (a cleaning of the teeth) to other therapies.
So, besides brushing and flossing regularly, don’t neglect regular examinations with the Novato Family Dentist— they’re the best way to stop this disease before it becomes more serious.